This will necessarily require a change in the very position of the subjects of enunciation. Luce Irigaray, The Way of Love, Heidi Bostic and Stephen Pluháček (tr), (Continuum 2002); Luce Irigaray, Sharing the World (Continuum 2008), Luce Irigaray, In the Beginning, She Was (Bloomsbury 2013). As Elizabeth Grosz explains, this happens with by way of self-referential systems of logic which are fundamentally partial: Discourses refuse to acknowledge that their own partiality, their own perspectivity, their own interests and values, implicitly rely upon conceptions of women and femininity in order to maintain their ‘objectivity’, ‘scientificity’, or ‘truth’ – that is, their veiled masculinity.3Elizabeth Grosz, Jacques Lacan: A Feminist Introduction (Routledge 1990) 180. Luce Irigaray's authoritative, difficult, and provocative early essays, Speculum de l'autre femme (Speculum of the Other Woman) (1974) and Ce Sexe qui n'en est pas un (This Sex Which Is Not One) (1977), have frequently been invoked by feminist literary and film critics in the debates around subjectivity, sexual Women are more likely than men to characterize difference as positive, and women are more likely to use interrogatives. In answer to Heidegger's undoing of Western … For the profession of psychoanalysis, Irigaray believes, female sexuality has remained a "dark continent," unfathomable and unapproachable; its nature can only be misunderstood by those who continue to regard women … Images and other media may be under different licences. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. It is Lacan’s insistence that woman’s position as non-existent is a necessary feature of language; or the ‘effect of a logical requirement’, which makes it impossible to simply ‘appeal to another language in which woman is not defined in terms of lack but might instead participate as a speaking subject herself’.6ibid 150. Luce Irigaray's writing is not well known in the United States, partly because of the dearth of translations, and partly because of its manifest idiosyncracies.1 When Irigaray practices the deliberate "disconcerting of language" that she describes in Speculum… Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. The inability of language to incorporate the ‘reality’ of fluidity, or that which escapes symbolic articulation, may signify ‘…the powerlessness of logic to incorporate in its writing all the characteristic features of nature’.11Ibid. Luce Irigaray holds doctorates in both linguistics and philosophy, and has practised as a psychoanalyst for many years. She does not want opinions about her everyday life to interfere with interpretations of her ideas. Irigaray is the author of works analyzing … Her basic experimental design in works like I love to you include developing a formal analysis from responses received by subjects given cues from which they are asked to form sentences.15Irigaray, I love to you, above n 14. For the profession of psychoanalysis, Irigaray believes, female sexuality has remained a "dark continent," unfathomable and unapproachable; its nature can only be misunderstood by those who continue to regard women … Luce Irigaray In Practice and Critiqued Irigaray’s work is, of course, commonly praised by other postmodern feminist thinkers and theorists, “Luce Irigaray's Speculum of the Other Woman, one of the most important texts of recent feminist thought” (Homans). In her latest work Irigaray extends and refines her analysis of Aristotelian logic in her dialogue with Heidegger in a way that is useful for thinking about law’s logos.20Luce Irigaray, In the Beginning, She Was, above n 18. Luce Irigaray, An Ethics of Sexual Difference, Carolyn Burke and Gillian C. Gill (tr), (Continuum 2004) 107. The Two Subjects’ Dialectics in Luce Irigaray’s Philosophy. reflective perhaps of the fact that ‘women diffuse themselves according to modalities scarcely compatible with the framework of the ruling symbolics’.9Ibid 106. In This Sex Which Is Not One, Luce Irigaray elaborates on some of the major themes of Speculum of the Other Woman, her landmark work on the status of woman in Western philosophical discourse and in psychoanalytic theory. Born in Belgium in 1930/32(? Speculum of the Other Woman. Irigaray’s earliest work is on the linguistic disturbances associated with senile dementia and attempts to establish a grammar of dementia which owes a lot to Lacan’s thesis that the “Unconscious” is structured like a language. A radically subversive critique brings to the fore the masculine ideology implicit in psychoanalytic theory and in Western discourse in general: woman is defined as a disadvantaged man, a male construct with no status of her own. The two-lips confound the dominant discourse as an alternative signifier to the phallus because there can no longer be a unity in the subject. Ieva Lapinska - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 25:45-53. Speculum of the Other Woman by Luce Irigaray is incontestably one of the most important works in feminist theory to have been published in this generation. ‘How does the subject come back to itself after having exiled itself within a discourse?’ She asks in To speak is never neutral; ‘[t]his is the question of any era’.23Irigaray, To Speak is Never Neutral, above n 12, 4. Margorie Hass, ‘The Style of the Speaking Subject: Irigaray’s Empirical Studies of Language Production’ (2000) 15(1) Hypatia 64, 66. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Speculum-of-the-Other-Woman. …Speculum de l’autre femme (1974; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly critical of Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, resulted in her dismissal from her teaching positions at Vincennes and the École Freudienne. It was thus at this very moment when woman became a ‘beyond’ of discourse, a gap, something outside the logos, a trace nevertheless, through the enclosure of the male world paralleling/doubling the real of life and of the relation with Her.21Ovidiu Anemtoaicei & Yvette Russell, ‘Luce Irigaray: Back to the Beginning’ (2013) 21(5) International Journal of Philosophical Studies 773, 775. Irigaray is herself a practising psychoanalyst. Irigaray’s constructive project from her earliest work has been directed at the question of how to resurrect a specific feminine language. Irigaray’s work on language is extensive and spans multiple methodological terrains including substantial empirical research into patterns of speech, grammar and syntax, and in particular the differences observable between women and men.14Luce Irigaray, Le langage des dements (Mouton 1973); Luce Irigaray, I love to you: sketch for a felicity within history, Alison Martin (tr), (Routledge 1996); Luce Irigaray, To Be Two, Monique M. Rhodes & Marco F. Cocito-Monoc (trs), (Routledge 2000). Irigaray notes an ‘historical lag in elaborating a “theory” of fluids’,8Ibid 106 emphasis omitted. Reminding us of the story of Ulysses and Antigone, she demonstrates how, from the beginning, Western tradition represents an exile for humanity. A consequence of this logic, says Irigaray, is that thinking itself comes to represent being, meaning that being itself is in thrall to the rules of the male logos. to inhabit” (Irigaray). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Luce Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman, Gillian C. Gill (tr), (Cornell University Press 1985). See further Maria C. Cimitile, ‘Irigaray in Dialogue with Heidegger’ in Maria C. Cimitile and Elaine P. Miller (eds) Returning to Irigaray (SUNY Press 2007) 267. The masculine logos thus reserves to itself the sole ability to direct and constrain meaning. For example, they could ask for the constructive part of my work to The idea of doing an interview with Luce Irigaray, however, arose during the inspiring lecture she gave at the 2012 Luce Irigaray International Seminar and Symposium at She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman and This Sex Which Is Not One. Luce Irigaray, This Sex Which is Not One, Catherine Porter (tr), (Cornell University Press 1985) 106-118. ‘This separation, constitutive of man as man, requires that he erect himself as solid entity out of an undifferentiated subjectum’.12Luce Irigaray, To Speak is Never Neutral, Gail Schwab (tr), (Continuum 2002) 233. See Irigaray, This Sex Which is Not One, above n 7, 205-218. From 1964 Irigaray held a research position at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Centre…. Speculum of the Other Woman by Luce Irigaray is incontestably one of the most important works in feminist theory to have been published in this generation. This necessary reduction of the play of meanings to mirror the male morphology bears witness, says Irigaray, to the very separation of man from ‘the mother-nature’. Unless otherwise indicated, written content on this site is published under Creative Commons licence (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). There is a real, and probably at the moment irresolvable, tension in feminist Bio: Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. Belgian-born French critic, philosopher, and nonfiction writer. Luce Irigaray (born 3 May 1930) is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist who examined the uses and misuses of language in relation to women. Luce Irigaray, French linguist, psychoanalyst, and feminist philosopher who examined the uses and misuses of language in relation to women. In eleven acute and widely ranging essays, Irigaray reconsiders the question of female sexuality in a variety of contexts that are relevant to current … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Essays and criticism on Luce Irigaray - Critical Essays. Language: Notes on the Thought of Luce Irigaray by Yvette Russell • 5 June 2014, Your email address will not be published. It is this reduction of the play of meaning to unity that necessarily eschews the fluidity and plurality represented by woman. Whereas men privilege their relationship to the world in their responses, women privilege relationships between persons. Speculum of the Other Woman | Luce Irigaray | download | Z-Library. Irigaray illustrates the effect of the ‘veiled masculinity’ present in dominant language systems in her extensive empirical research into the relationship between philosophy and linguistics. For the profession of psychoanalysis, Irigaray believes, female sexuality has remained a "dark continent," unfathomable and unapproachable; its nature can only be misunderstood by those who continue to regard … Irigaray traces the origin on Socratic thought through the notion of ‘truth’, illustrating how truth could only be acceded to through the teaching of the ‘master’. Luce Irigaray and Psychoanalytic Feminism By Nasrullah Mambrol on December 19, 2016 • ( 2 ) In her works like Speculum of the Other Woman (translated 1985) and This Sex Which is Not One (1987), Luce Irigaray has argued that the woman has been constructed as the specular Other of man in all Western discourses. In her later work, notably The Way of Love, Sharing the World and In the Beginning, She Was, Irigaray develops further her dialogue on language with her long-time interlocutor, Heidegger.18Luce Irigaray, The Way of Love, Heidi Bostic and Stephen Pluháček (tr), (Continuum 2002); Luce Irigaray, Sharing the World (Continuum 2008), Luce Irigaray, In the Beginning, She Was (Bloomsbury 2013). … What is called for instead is an examination of the operation of the ‘grammar’ of each figure of discourse, its syntactic laws or requirements, its imaginary configurations, its metaphoric networks, and also, of course, what it does not articulate at the level of utterances: its silences.25Irigaray, This Sex Which is Not One, above n 7, 75, emphasis in original. In 2014 it will be 40 years since Luce Irigaray’s (second) doctoral thesis Speculum de l'autre femme was first published. The historic erasure of the feminine in culture is evident in the ‘deep economy of language’ where patriarchal culture has reduced the value of the feminine to ‘an abstract nonexistent reality’.4Luce Irigaray, Je, tu, nous: towards a culture of difference, Alison Martin (tr), (Routledge 1993) 20. Presently, she is active in the Women's Movements in both France and Italy. Both women and men are unlikely to designate a woman as the subject of a sentence of direct a constructed sentence towards a woman. In other words, ‘language, rather than anatomy, now consigns woman to her role as object and Other, but she is no less trapped: indeed in some ways, Irigaray suggests, the situation is worse’.5Rachel Jones, Irigaray (Polity 2011) 150. Luce Irigaray, a French feminist, philosopher, linguist, and psychoanalyst, has made seminal contributions to feminist theory and continental philosophy. In the tradition of Simone de Beauvoir and Julia Kristeva, Luce Irigaray is one of France's most versatile feminist critics. Her general findings are summarised by Margorie Hass thus: Irigaray traces how linguistics are marked by sexual difference through first the usage of ‘he’ and ‘she’, however her empirical work illustrates that even the personal pronoun ‘I’ is sexually marked. In Speculum, Irigaray presents her case through parodic quotation, together with allusions, homophones and puns. Since my intention here is merely to suggest a possible reading of Irigaray, I do not intend, in the present article, to analyse the ques­ Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman, above n 1, 143. She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman and This Sex Which Is Not One. Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. Margaret Whitford, Luce Irigaray: Philosophy in the Feminine (Routledge 1991) 34. © CLT (Holding) Ltd. CLT (Holding) Ltd is a company limited by shares registered in England & Wales with number 11150350 and address as listed in the Register of Companies. Irigaray’s psychoanalytic reading of language is informed primarily by her insight that through a process of specularisation man projects his own ego on to the world which is then reflected back to him with his own image. ticular Speculum: 13-129, addressed to Freud, and This Sex: 86-105, addressed to Lacan). CLT (Holding) Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Counterpress Limited. Images and other media may be under different licences. This paradoxical dependence on and erasure of woman in culture, argues Irigaray, is mirrored in patriarchal systems of language and discourse. Why not challenge the limits of speech and of representation, she says, ‘[u]ntil the ear tunes into another music, the voice starts to sing again…’.22Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman, above n 1, 143. Irigaray develops this psychoanalytic critique further in her famous essay ‘The Mechanics of Fluids’. Rachel Jones, Irigaray (Polity 2011) 150. Author of over twenty books, she has established a reputation as a pre-eminent theorist of sexual difference – a term she would prefer to ‘feminist’. The main critique of her work is not of the Creative Commons licence (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), Men are more likely than women to designate themselves as speakers, more likely to ‘take speech in their name.’. In This Sex Which Is Not One, Luce Irigaray elaborates on some of the major themes of Speculum of the Other Woman, her landmark work on the status of woman in Western philosophical discourse and in psychoanalytic theory, In eleven acute and widely ranging essays, Irigaray reconsiders the question of female sexuality in a variety of contexts that are relevant … Other articles where Speculum of the Other Woman is discussed: Luce Irigaray: …Speculum de l’autre femme (1974; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly critical of Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, resulted in her dismissal from her teaching positions at Vincennes and the École Freudienne. Luce Irigaray’s critique of masculine language systems follows logically from her broader critique of history and culture first elaborated 40 years ago in Speculum. Download books for free. Speculum of the Other Woman by Luce Irigaray is incontestably one of the most important works in feminist theory to have been published in this generation. French philosopher Luce Irigaray has become one of the twentieth century's most influential feminist thinkers. Irigaray is indebted to Heideggerian phenomenology in her work revealing the conditions which create the possibility of discourse, and indeed in the development of her constructive political project.19See further Maria C. Cimitile, ‘Irigaray in Dialogue with Heidegger’ in Maria C. Cimitile and Elaine P. Miller (eds) Returning to Irigaray (SUNY Press 2007) 267. Irigaray’s constructive project draws on her critical insights to assert the need to create a new ‘linguistic home’ in which woman is no longer the universal predicate upon which the meta-language rests.24Luce Irigaray, An Ethics of Sexual Difference, Carolyn Burke and Gillian C. Gill (tr), (Continuum 2004) 107. Find books Luce Irigaray, Le langage des dements (Mouton 1973); Luce Irigaray, I love to you: sketch for a felicity within history, Alison Martin (tr), (Routledge 1996); Luce Irigaray, To Be Two, Monique M. Rhodes & Marco F. Cocito-Monoc (trs), (Routledge 2000). CLT (Holding) Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Counterpress Limited. This exhortation in her earlier work to speak through difference is something with which Irigaray has continued to be concerned throughout her corpus. Irigaray, This Sex Which is Not One, above n 7, 75, emphasis in original. This plurality is represented most memorably in Irigaray’s work as the two-lips.13See Irigaray, This Sex Which is Not One, above n 7, 205-218. Woman, as body and matter, stands in for that reflective mirror. This means you are free to share/repost/republish/remix for non-commercial purposes on condition that you acknowledge CLT and link to the source page. Luce Irigaray, In the Beginning, She Was, above n 18. Speculum of the Other Woman by Luce Irigaray is incontestably one of the most important works in feminist theory to have been published in this generation. This ‘truth’ was genealogically passed between (male) disciples, thus instantiating a solipsistic male discourse exchanged only between men amongst themselves. This means you are free to share/repost/republish/remix for non-commercial purposes on condition that you acknowledge CLT and link to the source page. But it will also require a new attentiveness to that which previously we were deaf: We need to listen (psycho)analytically to its procedures of repression, to the structuration of language that shores up its representations, separating the true from the false, the meaningful from the meaningless and so forth. That book, widely recognized as the most important text in feminist philosophy, was to introduce Irigaray’s critique of western philosophy and psychoanalysis and her ethics of sexual difference for which she was to become so well known. The inadequacies of the English translation - which not only lacks decent footnotes, but also omits portions of the passages from the philosophers that Irigaray quotes and then mimics - have increased the sense that this is simply "mysticism". Learn how your comment data is processed. Yvette Russell is a Lecturer in Law at Queen’s University Belfast. Irigaray believes that entrance into intellectual discussions is a hard won battle for women and that reference to biographical material is one way in which women’s credibility is chall… Luce Irigaray (1932-) is a Belgian-born psychoanalyst and feminist philosopher. Among her many writings are three books (with a projected fourth) in which she challenges the Western tradition's construals of human beings' relations to the four elements--earth, air, fire, and water--and to nature. Irigaray, To Speak is Never Neutral, above n 12, 4. That essay speaks to a particular male angst regarding the ebb and flow of women’s bodies and the ways in which this angst has instantiated itself within systems of representation.7Luce Irigaray, This Sex Which is Not One, Catherine Porter (tr), (Cornell University Press 1985) 106-118. Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. Speculum de l’autre femme (; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly From Irigaray held a research position at the Centre National de la . Not only do men and women produce different elements of sexual difference through their respective speech, but the grammatical subject itself is also sexed: ‘grammar reflects, for both men and women, a valorization of masculinity and an erasure of femininity.’17Ibid 70. Luce Irigaray’s critique of masculine language systems follows logically from her broader critique of history and culture first elaborated 40 years ago in Speculum.1Luce Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman, Gillian C. Gill (tr), (Cornell University Press 1985) Irigaray’s thinking on language is so complex and informed by so many difficult methodological frameworks, when approaching it for the first time I think it helps to look at her corpus chronologically. Irigaray's first and most well known book, published in 1974, was Speculum of the Other Woman (1974), which analyzes the texts of Freud, Hegel, Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, and Kant through the lens of phallocentrism. Required fields are marked *. . Unless otherwise indicated, written content on this site is published under. Ovidiu Anemtoaicei & Yvette Russell, ‘Luce Irigaray: Back to the Beginning’ (2013) 21(5) International Journal of Philosophical Studies 773, 775. Women are more likely than men to use a dialogic structure. In her vast critique of language systems, Irigaray argues that systems of parole, discourse and logic rather than being universal and neutral are set up and maintained to serve male interests. Please let me follow up my earlier posting: I am asking for an active link to the 25 additional notes listed in the footnote to the review by Yvette Russel. Woman is therefore simultaneously erased within the specular economy whilst also an integral part upon which it is founded. She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman and This Sex Which Is Not One. In a 1993 interview with Margaret Whitford, Luce Irigaray specifically says that she does not like to be asked personal questions. The following entry presents an overview of Irigaray's career through 2000. Presently, she is active in the Women's Movements in both France and Italy. Sexes and Genealogies, a collection of lectures delivered throughout Canada and Europe, introduces her writing to a wider American audience.Irigaray's most famous work, Speculum of the Other Woman, prompted her expulsion from the Lacanin Ecole … From 1964 Irigaray held a research position at the Centre National de la … IV. She argues that we need to turn back to the pre-Socratic conception of the world for understanding intersubjectivity, as it was at this point that woman has not yet been erased from culture. The equation between fluids and waste is said to justify ‘a complicity of long standing between rationality and a mechanics of solids alone’.10Ibid 107. Luce Irigaray’s theory of sexual difference as posited in I Love to You attempts to identify the crux of our exploitation in the dichotomous relationship between man and woman.Under the rule of patriarchy and capitalism, sexual difference only allows women to exist in relation to men and consequently forces women into the private sphere. Contributions to feminist theory and continental Philosophy change in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https //www.britannica.com/topic/Speculum-of-the-Other-Woman!, Irigaray presents her case through parodic quotation, together with allusions, and. The works of luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher linguist. University Press 1985 ) 106-118 on `` positive images of women. very position of the attendant... Of enunciation, in the works of luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher linguist... 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