Common name. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of … Setaria italic with many common names including Chinese Millet, Foxtail Bristle Grass, Dwarf Setaria, Foxtail Millet, Hay Millet, German Millet, Giant Setaria Hungarian Millet, Japanese Millet, Italian Millet, Red Rala, Liberty Millet and Hungarian millet is a grass species which is used as a crop. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name ; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Liliopsida – … Wild and weedy forms shatter their seed while the cultivars retain them. 1812. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. Foxtail millet is an annual grass with slim, vertical, leafy stems which can reach a height of 120–200 cm (3.9–6.6 ft). [10] In southern China, foxtail millet reached the Chengdu Plain (Baodun) at around 2700 BC[16] and Guangxi (Gantuoyan [de], near the Vietnamese border) at around 3000 BC. Beauv.) A cultivated species probably derived from S. viridis (q.v.). Department of Agriculture Gujarat Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) The oldest evidence of foxtail millet cultivation was found along the ancient course of the Yellow River in Cishan, China, carbon dated to be from 8700 BC. The RefSeq genome records for Setaria italica were annotated by the NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline, an automated pipeline that annotates genes, transcripts and proteins on draft and finished genome assemblies.This report presents statistics on the annotation products, the input data used in the pipeline and intermediate alignment results. Structural class. Common Name(s): foxtail bristlegrass [English] Accepted Name(s): Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. General information about Setaria italica (SETIT) EPPO Global Database. GRIN link : Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page Although this species has many synonyms, Setaria viridis is now accepted as the preferred scientific name. NVS code Help. Theor. Basionym: Panicum italicum Linnaeus 1753. [10], Foxtail millet likely reached Southeast Asia via multiple routes. Setaria italica; Setaria italica. NCBI link: Setaria italica; EOL link: Setaria italica; … [10] Foxtail millet also reached Taiwan (Nankuanli, Dapenkeng culture) at around 2800 BC[17] and the Tibetan Plateau (Karuo) at around 3000 BC. It includes the most economically important C4 cereal in the USA, maize, as well as several important grains grown throughout the world including sorghum, pearl millet, and foxtail millet. There are many wild and cultivated types, and the latter are divided into many cultivars … [12] More recently, the Cishan culture of China has been identified as the earliest to domesticate foxtail millet around 6500–5500 BC. It is the wild antecedentof … Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum italica . Suitable pH: acid, neutral and … Introduced in Euromediterranean region (except north), Siberia, Russian Far East, Western Asia, Central Asia, … Diseases of foxtail millet include leaf and head blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea, smut disease caused by Ustilago crameri, and green ear caused by Sclerospora graminicola. Wikispecies has an entry on: Setaria italica. with help from Setaria viridis italica (L.) Briq. Echinochloa erythrosperma Roem. Dekapr. italica, S. i. subsp. Common Names. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Identification. Terminal (leaf) node. & Schult. Leaves are approximately 2-8 inches wide. italica. [2][3] Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. S. italica (L.) Beauv., with common English name foxtail millet, is one of the few economically important species of Setaria, and also one of the principle millets.It is an annual grass, with linear leaves, erect shoots of several tens of centimeters to one meter in height, and spike-like panicle of 10–40 cm in length. web interface by Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Setaria ambigua (Guss.) The epithet viridis and the common name, green foxtail refer to the green bristles of the inflorescence. germanica (Miller) Douin, in Bonnier & Douin, Fl. 0. In the northern Philippines, foxtail millet was once an important staple crop, until its later replacement by wet-rice and sweet potato cultivation.[11]. [9] In South India, it has been a staple diet among people for a long time from the Sangam period. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Scientific Name Setaria italica . 51, 170, 178. italica More » « Less: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i › cellular organisms › Eukaryota › Viridiplantae › Streptophyta › … Zohary and Hopf note that the primary difference between the wild and cultivated forms is "their seed dispersal biology. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage. The seedhead is a dense, hairy panicle 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long. Setaria persica Rchb. advanced search... Login. It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns, and at the margins of fields. viridis. foxtail millet, foxtail millet, Italian foxtail. Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Both Setaria italica (common name: foxtail millet) and Setaria viridis (common name: green foxtail) are members of the trib… Ill. France 11: 127. Foxtail millet is adapted to well-drained soils. It also includes the major biofuel, sugarcane, as well as emerging bioenergy feedstocks Miscanthus and switchgrass. [9][13][14] Genetic comparisons also confirm that S. viridis is the antecedent of S. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. ITIS link: Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Family. The name is derived from the Latin word seta, meaning "bristle" or "hair", which refers to the bristly spikelets.. 1931. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Assamese. Common name i: Foxtail millet: Synonym i: Panicum italicum: Other names i ›Chaetochloa italica ›Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn. [10] The earliest evidence for foxtail millet in Southeast Asia comes from various sites in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley in central Thailand, with the site at Non Pa Wai [de] providing the earliest date with direct AMS dating to around 2300 BC. The ligule is a fringe of hairs that is less than a tenth of an … ex Hegi. The … italica (autonym) Setaria italica subsp. moharia Alef. Scientific name i: Setaria italica: Taxonomy navigation › Setaria. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Ess. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Cultivated plant in Oslo botanical garden, Oslo, Norway, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Overview. is one of the oldest cultivated cereal grain and the most economically important species of the Setaria genus.Foxtail millet is a dual-purpose plant grown for its grain, which is used for human food and animal feeding, and for fodder (see the Foxtail millet forage datasheet). Setaria italica subsp. Foxtail millet is an erect summer annual that can reach up to 5 feet tall. & Kasparian Setaria italica var. Appl. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Included subspecies (for GRIN, 23 October 2014): S. i. subsp. Common names Fennich in German Foxtail Bristle-grass in English Große Kolbenhirse in German It in Latvian Italian bristle grass in English Italian foxtail in English Italienische Borstenhirse, Kolbenhirse, Fennich in German Italinė šerytė in Lithuanian … Beauv.) The Panicoideae subfamily is one of the most agronomically important grass groups. Setaria barbata (Lam.) Description An erect annual grass, fast-growing, leafy and tufted. Leaves. Common Names. Poaceae. Genet. 1812 ... Setaria italica Roem. 51, 170, 178. Toggle navigation. Setaria italica subsp. Authority. In China, foxtail millet is the most common millet and one of the main food crops, especially among the poor in the dry northern part of that country. The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world, and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses. ›Setaria viridis subsp. Setaria italica P.Beauv. Ken Fern, In the present day, this cereal is grown in southern … Register. Foxtail millet has also been grown in India since antiquity. var. & Graebn. [15], The earliest evidence for foxtail millet cultivation outside of its native distribution is at Chengtoushan in the Middle Yangtze River region, dating to around 4000 BC. Phylogenetic and genomic relationships in Setaria italica and its close relatives based on the molecular diversity and chromosomal organization of 5S and 18S-5.8S-25S rDNA genes. Other Common Names: foxtail bristlegrass. Setariopsis italica (L.) Samp. Seed color varies greatly between varieties. Panicum germanicum Miller 1768. ambigua (Guss.) Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65–70 days (typical yield is 15,000–20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000–4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75–90 days (typical yield is 800–900 kg/ha of grain). Spreng. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of Setaria italica. Ajna Fern Foliage The leaf is widely lanceolate, scabrous, with serrate margins. germanica Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. According to scientists, this grain is so old that no wild plant of the species is known to exist today. Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Vascular – Exotic. The unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by birds and rodents. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most grown millet species in Asia. It is an introduced, annual, warm-season crop that grows 2–5 ft (60-152 cm) tall. [10] In Europe and North America it is planted at a moderate scale for hay and silage, and to a more limited extent for birdseed. maxima (Alef.) The leaves are alternate with lanceolate and serrated blades, 15-50 cm long and 0.5-4 cm broad. [9], Foxtail millet arrived in Europe later; carbonized seeds first appear in the second millennium BC in central Europe. stramineofructa (F.T. The database and code is licensed under a ›Panicum italicum L. ›Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. Common Names: Italian Foxtail millet (English, United States) Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Sorting Setaria Names . Richard Morris. Bailey: Classification. Grasses. Leaves can be glabrous and may be rough and up to 12 inches long. Foxtail millet, scientific name Setaria italica (synonym Panicum italicum L.), is an annual grass grown for human food. Italian fox-tail millet/ Fox-tail bristle grass. [9][20] In Japan, the earliest evidence for foxtail millet comes from the Jōmon site at Usujiri in Hokkaido, dating to around 4,000 BP. 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