Some o the social legislation passed by the British like Widow Remarriage act based on sati, made many conservative Indians very uncomfortable. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. Company officials who abused or even murdered Indians were seldom punished properly: Even if they were tried, they were rarely convicted, and those who were convicted could avoid punishment by filing endless appeals. Revise with Concepts. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. The Revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of Indian independence against the British. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. Within a short time the revolt spread wildly. Majumdar considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Religion also prompted some Indians to join the mutiny. Bahadur Shah Zafar was sentenced to life imprisonment. V.D. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army) on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. It started as a revolt of the Company's army sepoys but eventually secured the masses ' participation. 8,00,000+ Homework Questions. • The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. . The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. They began to rebel, and they had a notable effect in the revolt at Lucknow, and this was unprecedented as the peasants had never performed such an act. ...RevoLT OF 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plainand central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. On March 29, 1857, he attacked Nana Saheb. It no doubt began as a mutiny of soldier, but soon turned into a revolt against British rule in general. The important centres of the revolt were Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, and Arrah in Bihar. Tantiya Tope escaped to the jungles of Central India and continued to fight the guerilla war until captured and killed. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. It was a civil rebellion led by the Sepoys. At the same time, a rumor spread that the grease used in the cartridge was made from the fat of cow and the lard of the pig. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. 10,000+ Fundamental concepts. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. Even before the outbreak at Meerut, Mangal Pande had become a martyr at Barrackpore. Subsequently, joined by the peasants, artisans, marginalized farmers, common men became the first national revolt against Britishers. Instead of relying heavily on Bengali troops from the Punjab, the British began to recruit soldiers from the "martial races"—those considered particularly warlike, including the Gurkhas and the Sikhs. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. 2. ID: 1440329 Language: English School subject: Social Science Grade/level: Grade 8 Age: 10-15 Main content: Revolt 1857-58 Other contents: no Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. British Crown took control of the administration of India from Company after Revolt. This course discusses how the Revolt of 1857 began, who were the leaders in various areas of the country, how the British suppressed the Revolt and why the Revolt failed. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. use all its might to repress it. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. It was a result of the anger against the government. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. On 9th May, eighty five of them were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. The middle and upper classes of India were badly affected due to loss of employment. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. They too had a number of grievances. In 1856, the British introduced the Enfield rifle in the army. The rebellion against colonialisation of British East India Company, began on 10 th May, 1857, in the form of a mutiny by sepoys of the Company’s army in the garrison town of Meerut and this led to further mutinies by civilian rebellions in other parts of … The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. The British government exiled him to Rangoon, Burma. 18. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); महान और प्रसिद्ध व्यक्तित्व वाले लोगों की जीवनी, भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त Chief Election Commissioners of india, भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi, कैसे बनेगा तीसरा बड़ा बैंक Third Largest Bank in India, विजय दिवस Vijay Diwas जब पाक ने टेके घुटने, Hindu calandar Mahino ke Naam (Hindu Months name), Names of days (Dinon ke naam) in english and hindi. The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857 and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India. 7 as his salary. Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–58. The British policy of annexation created deep insecurity among the Indian rulers. Delhi. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of Indian independence against the British. Revolt of 1857 event in Indian History was an important landmark. Suppression of the Indian Revolt by the English is a late-19th-century painting by Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin.The work depicts several Sepoys being executed by being "blown from a gun" in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. History. Introduction to First War of Independence. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. The East India Company forbade certain religious practices and traditions, including sati—the practice of killing widows on the death of their husbands—to the outrage of many Hindus. 8,000+ Fun stories. The revolt of 1857: The Indian Mutiny, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, ignited the first spark of the revolution. 2 Lord Canning served as Governor General of India from 1856 to 1862. The first Indian martyr of the revolt of 1857 at Barrackpore, Bengal was Mangal Pandey. The unrest soon spread to other army divisions and towns across north and central India. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of Indian independence against the British. It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, … However, the revolt was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from the British domination. Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Naturally, the sepoys were full of anger and frustration. Kings, peasants, tribals, landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the British rule. He joined the British army as a soldier at Rs. He and his wife were sent to prison in Rangoon (Burma). William Dalrymple , a Scottish historian argued that the term “mutiny” is too narrow and ” … It soon embraced a vast area from Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. Main events of the revolt: Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. (ii) Reforms like abolition of sati. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. Christmas is commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ. This suppressed discontent bursted out with the use of greased cartridges in the Enfield Rifles. 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