The ‘Black amber’ variety of plum gets its name from the black, slightly tart skin and juicy amber-colored flesh. It is self-fruitful and produces especially large, reddish plums with sweet yellow flesh. If you are looking for the largest type of plum, then the ‘Owen T’ cultivar is thought to be the biggest. The firm flesh and tart skin holds up well in cooking and baking. Candy Heart Pluerry – tests show its promise in low chill areas Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. 'Aylesbury Prune' (syn. If your area is not subject to early spring frost, a Japanese variety may be the best choice for you. The ‘French Prune’ is a type of fresh plum that is perfect for drying to make prunes. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. European plums (Prunus domestica) are generally the easiest to grow, and a wide range of these firm-fleshed, freestone types are available for home gardeners. It has small purple fruits with pits that are easily removed -- called freestone. In fact, the most disease-resistant and hardy plums for Alabama are those made from complex hybridization among European, Japanese and native American plum species. This sweet and sour taste combination makes damson plums excellent for using in savory or sweet dishes to add a bit of tartness. Plum fruits are a type of drupe because they have a stone in the middle that’s surrounded by soft, sweet or tart flesh. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. Early to midseason harvest. The maroon skins on this plum variety tend to be firm and tough with a sour flavor. All three varieties have fruit ready to harvest between June and July. Your fingers should leave a slight indentation if the fruit is ripe. The other type of massive dark-skinned plum is the ‘John W’ cultivar. (Harvest dates are approximate … Plum Varieties Taste Best Early Varieties. Hybrid trees that incorporate the attributes of both plums and apricots (P. armeniaca) can also be good choices for a home orchard, notes the University of California Master Gardeners of Inyo & Mono Counties. Japanese Varieties. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. Growing Plums: At CREC we selected four varieties of plums commonly available from nurseries and have added the American plum hybrid released by the USDA Plant Materials Center, Bismarck, ND. If the flesh feels hard or doesn’t give slightly, you need to wait until it ripens. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. Greengage plum trees blossom in spring, and the bumper crops are ready by late summer and early fall. Eat fresh or use for preserves. ‘Friar’ plums are popular large Japanese plums with sweet, juicy flesh. Hints of tartness from the black skin combined with the sweetness of the beet-colored flesh make these plums a variety to look for. Brownish-red skin with specks and dots; yellow to orange flesh. The Best Plum Varieties to Start the Season Though plums are more or less available year round, they really start to hit their stride when the summer months begin to roll in. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. Mirabelle plums look similar to apricots as they have bright yellow-orangey skins. Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in … The flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it’s almost like drinking juice. One of the benefits of growing friar plum fruit trees is that they have a long harvesting time. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. This plum variety is a great all-rounder as it’s one of the most versatile types of black plum you can grow. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Myrobalan plums are small round fruits that look like red or yellow cherries. Biting into these delicious stone fruits reveals a dark burgundy flesh that covers the large pit in the middle. ! Bullace - strictly a cooking plum. Their high sugar content means that these round fruits are excellent for making jellies, jams, and baked goods. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. Best Fruit Varieties for North and Northeast Texas. The dark, smokey skin has hues of purple and light blue that covers dark amber flesh. Growers can cross these types of fruits to create new types of deliciously sweet stone fruits. The Shropshire Prune was also the best-known variety of damson plum in the United States. Expect fruit once tree is 4-6 years old. Moyer plums tend to ripen late in the season. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. In the United States, plum varieties that dehydrate without fermenting are called prunes. These sweet plums are sometimes called Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums. Does a Satsuma Plum Need Cross-Pollination? One of the most popular types of black Japanese plums is the ‘Black Ruby’ cultivar. aka European Plum An excellent, early eating, European plum with oval, medium sized dark bluish black fruit. ... Brazos blackberries, long the favored variety, are still good.) Some types of plums have a red sour flavored-skin that surrounds sweet juicy yellow flesh. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. Flesh is firm, yellow green with a rich, sweet flavour. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. The skin on these round plums is a dark purple color with hints of a blue dusty wax coating. The intensely sweet, juicy flesh also makes this a perfect plum for snacking on. Abundance' This purple-red Japanese plum has tender yellow flesh that softens quickly. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Late August: La Crescent: 1923: High-quality yellow plum. Some of the varieties are self-pollinating, and others do better with multiple varieties planted in one area. You can tell if the plums are ripe by gently squeezing the skin. This freestone plum variety has green-amber juicy flesh that turns a deep fuchsia color when cooked. Blue Damson – The Blue Damson is an old variety, renowned for its superb preserves and baking characteristics. Black and Red is how they are described there. Sometimes dark-skinned Moyer plums are sold as Italian prunes or French prunes. The best tasting plum variety to grow in a Southern California home garden is ‘Santa Rosa’. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. Biting into ‘Santa Rosa’ plums reveals a thin skin that covers plump, juicy flesh. Even with its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a sweet flavor. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. If your area is not subject to early spring frost, a Japanese variety may be the best choice... European Plum Varieties. Apart from growing small cherry-like plums, these plum trees are popular backyard ornamental types of fruit trees. Emerald Beaut The king of all plum varieties is Green!! Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. These plums ripen later in the season than ‘Owen T’ plums. Another type of sweet black plum is the ‘El Dorado’ cultivar. Plums are multi-branched, medium-sized, upright to spreading trees that will grow in a wide variety of well drained soils. Satsuma plums are a semi-clingstone variety, meaning that the flesh partially clings to the stone. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. Japanese plums are the most common fresh plum available for sale due to a longer shelf life than European plums. Other yellow plums include the Early Golden -- an extremely sweet and juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and the Mirabelle. This group has generally luscious, sweet-flavored fruit. Plum Variety Trials European, Asian and hybrid plums can all be grown successfully in our area. Plant in a … (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. Japanese plums tend to bloom in late winter or early spring, making them more susceptible to loss of flower buds from frost, a circumstance that prevents fruit set. The flesh of the Stanley plum is tender, fine-grained, and turns a beautiful purplish red when canned. There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Bruce' This large Japanese plum has red skin, red flesh, and good flavor. Cutting open the soft skin reveals sweet amber flesh and a stone in the middle. The Best Plum Tree Plum Tree Categories. Generally suitable for USDA plant zones 5 through 9, varieties include 'Flavorosa,' with cherry-red skin and flesh, 'Early Dapple,' whose fruits have green-and-red mottled skin and red flesh, and 'Flavor Gold, which produces green-skinned fruits with yellow flesh. AVALON PLUM TREE. If it is just slightly soft, it is ready for eating. Although Italian prune plums are suitable for eating fresh, most of the harvest is dried to create prunes. Although many plums are freestone, this is a clingstone plum. 'Bucks Prune', 'Michaelmas Prune'), is similar to the Shropshire Prune and possibly part of the same landrace. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. To know if this plum variety is ripe for eating, gently squeeze the fruit. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. Maturity Chart. Variety: Year: Features: Ripens: Alderman: 1986: Fruit is burgundy red with golden yellow, sweet, juicy flesh. It is a small blue plum with a yellow flesh. These sweet plums have a wonderful balance between sweetness and tartness. Types of Bananas: Delicious and Nutritious Banana Varieties From Around the World (Including Picture... Types of Dates: Delicious Varieties of Date Fruit From Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Cabbage: Delicious Cabbage Varieties (Including Pictures and Names), Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) – Including Plumcots, Apriums, and Pluots, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Cherries: Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries. These three varieties are suitable for USDA zones 5 through 9. Before looking at the many varieties of plums and prunes, let’s look at some of the delicious plum hybrid fruits that are popular. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, University of California Master Gardeners of Inyo & Mono Counties, Texas A&M Extension: Plums, Nectarines, Apricots, Cherries, Almonds & Prunus Hybrids, Missouri Botanical Garden: Prunus domestica 'Stanley', North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension: Prunus salicina 'Burbank', University of California Master Gardeners of Inyo & Mono Counties: Demystifying Pluots, Apriums and Other Stone Fruit Hybrids. Its plums have a purple peel and juicy, sweet red flesh, and ripen from late May into early June. Prune these trees more severely. It is good for... Midseason Varieties. Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. Use fresh, canned or for jam. The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. Best Plum Tree Varieties When it comes to growing plums in Alabama, Japanese plums are better grown in the South than European dessert plums. Plums would have to be the easiest home garden fruit trees of all. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. The most useful cultivars to grow in … If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. 'Green Gage' is also self-fruitful but has greenish-yellow plums that are sweet and juicy and ripen in July. Stanley plums are excellent for fresh eating, canning, preserves and drying. These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. These delicious plums are best eaten fresh due to their juicy flesh. Types of Lemons: Lemon Varieties with Pictures From Around the World. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. Plum, cherry plum and apricot produce their best fruit crops on relatively young growth. Plums are related to other drupes such as apricots, peaches, and nectarines. It’s rare to find these plum trees growing outside of France. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. The ‘John W’ plum variety has deep red-purple colored skin that surrounds deep orange flesh. There has not been a decent, tree-ripe plum in the produce markets for years. Its fruit ripens in September and is freestone, with good flavor when eaten fresh, dried or canned. These types of plums have firm flesh and are often eaten fresh. Depending on the variety of plum, a single plum measures between 0.7” and 2.7” (2 – 7 cm). Methley plum, a good pollinator, both for itself and for other plum varieties. Quince. Although pluots closely resemble plums, they are exceptionally sweet and tend to be less acidic and have finer-textured flesh than pure plums. One of the beauties of ‘Black Splendor’ plums is that they are a large variety of plum that ripens early in the season. Unlike many other varieties of plums, damsons are high in sugar with an astringent taste. A variety called 'Black Ice' (Prunus hybrid 'Black Ice') is a good example of this type of tree. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Elephant Heart plum. Depending on your location, one type may be a better choice for you. A single plum can weigh up to 8 oz. They are … Tree is valued as an ornamental and fruits consistently. … This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Many varieties of plum trees grow well in Virginia. What is a European plum? Although all plum trees belong to the genus Prunus, two main species are suitable for growth in the U.S. The sweet varieties of Myrobalan plums are delicious when eaten fresh. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. Many of the fresh plums sold in stores and supermarkets are types of Japanese black plums. Simca (simka) plums are a variety of large, heart-shaped plums that have deep reddish skins with blueish-purple dusty waxy coating. The Damson is in high demand throughout farmer’s markets from individuals longing for the most mouthwatering jams … We recommend it … Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it. Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Among the excellent cultivars, 'Stanley' is self-fruitful and a heavy producer of oval-shaped fruits with deep purple skins and golden flesh, notes Missouri Botanical Garden. However, you can plant Mirabelle plum trees in your garden if you want to grow some of the sweetest plums available. Plum trees are generally suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 or 5 through 8 or 9, depending on the cultivar. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. Santa Rosa – best known low chill Plum Burgundy and the Methley – well-known for their flavor and productivity Pluerry are a Plum/Cherry cross that have stepped up the flavor expectations for a low chill fruit selection. It needs another Japanese tree for pollination and has red-skinned plums with dark red flesh. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Plums are for home growing. It’s at this time when the fruits are at their sweetest. CAMBRIDGE GAGE. European plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree.These plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and the most widely distributed. European plums are more resistant to frost damage since they tend to bloom later in the spring, when frost danger has passed. The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. One of the reasons why this type of plum is a popular variety for eating fresh is that it’s a freestone variety. BLUE TIT. These dark oval plums are medium to large size and are another popular variety for eating fresh. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. This popular European variety is a clingstone plum, meaning that the skin clings to the pit. Your climate and preference for fruit color and flavor are important deciding factors in choosing the best variety of plum for your home orchard. As with most Japanese varieties of plums, Simca plums are larger and juicer. Finally, another cultivar called 'Ozark Premiere' is a hybrid of 'Burbank' and 'Methley.' Among the many excellent cultivars, the 'Methley' plum is a self-fruitful, 10-to-20-foot tall tree that is also a good pollinator for other Japanese trees. Try Fantasia, Redgold, or Flavortop to start, then move to other varieties if these do well. Moongold: plum-size apricot with golden skin and flesh; sweet, sprightly flavor. But plums are not about color; they have everything to do with the time of year, great flavor and the names that identify them. Damsons are usually ripe for harvesting from late August until October. They have high sugar content, and notoriously large amounts of dietary fiber that have a … The trees are smaller than normal and very hardy, they are also ornamental. Excellent for fresh fruit, stewing and jam. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. Most Japanese black plums are clingstone varieties. 'Burbank' is a cultivar that reaches a height of 35 feet at maturity, notes North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. 'Seneca' plum is another good European variety with very large, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also useful for canning. However, broken and diseased branches should … Many consider greengage plums as the best plums to use in desserts. Moorpark: this large apricot was developed in the eighteenth century. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. The dark-red skin covers golden-yellow flesh that has a pleasantly sweet flavor. Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … The French Prune Plume tree produces fruit that is ready for harvesting in late summer. This plum variety is classified as a Japanese plum variety, and they taste delicious when eaten fresh. (Other plums include Bruce, Morris and Ozark Premier.) There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. The reason I like this plum so much is that the flavor is very sweet when fully ripe and soft, but with a twang to it that makes it just the best … (45 kg) of medium-sized fruits. One of the most complex fruits on earth gets even more complicated as their peak season offers more varieties and an overall richer fruit. Although called a satsuma plum, they have nothing to do with the citrus fruit. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. Although all plum trees belong to the genus Prunus, two main species are suitable for growth in... Japanese Plum Varieties. The plum trees can grow as small garden shrubs or small decorative fruit trees. POPULAR PLUM TREE VARIETIES IN THE UK. Yellowish-green! Plum Varieties. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. Search AC Nursery. The proper time to prune is in the early spring after severe cold weather has passed and before new growth occurs. Damsons are a popular dark-skinned European variety of plum that has tart-flavored flesh and skin. Simply prune off what’s getting out of reach and let them go. 4. These Japanese plums tend to be larger in size than European red plums. These trees grow pretty well in Virginia, provided you choose the right variety. Clingstone. This tree grows in USDA zones 3 through 8 and bears fruit when cross-pollinated by any other hybrid plum. Both varieties are suited for USDA zones 5 through 9. Elephant heart plums are generally ready for picking between September and October. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) Fruit is small to medium, sometimes with a light blush skin. Taste and disease resistance are ... BELLE DE LOUVAIN. Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. Although the plum is juicy, it has a firm flesh, making this a popular variety to eat fresh. ‘Black Beauty’ is another type of Japanese plum that has bright yellow flesh and dark, deep purple-red skin. Sweet black plums are often dried to create prunes. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. A European type of plum tree may be the best choice if your area is prone to frost during the spring months. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. Early Midseason. All plums are excellent when eaten fresh, but European types tend to have a higher sugar content, making them the best choice if you want to sun-dry fruits and keep them for long periods. The difference between these two cultivars is skin and flesh color. This is a good option if you are looking for the sweetest plum variety. There are around 40 species of plums, and a single plum tree can yield around 100 lbs. Juicy and aromatic; sweet rich, plum-like taste. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. is so superior to all others that it could be called "best," many excellent plum varieties are available to a home orchardist. 3. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. CZAR. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. There are several cultivars in the damson subspecies Prunus domestica insititia. The Stanley Plum tree produces a sweet, rich flavored European plum that makes it possible to dry the fruit without being pitted. Black plums get their name from the dark purple skin that surrounds their flesh. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. Considered one of the best. These are commonly called European plums (P. domestica) and Japanese plums (P. salicina), advises Texas A&M Extension. It needs pollination by another European tree and is suitable for USDA zones 4 through 9. Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. These trees are called "pluots" or "plumcots," with the terms generally used interchangeably. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. That’s the one I would plant if I could have a plum tree where I live. The varieties are: ‘Pembina’, ‘Pipestone’, ‘Toka’, ‘Waneta’ and ‘Prairie Red’. Have hints of a blue dusty wax coating in late August until October species are suitable growth! Choosing the best choice if your area is not subject to early spring frost, good! Called freestone many European plums are popular large Japanese plums tend to ripen late in the middle the. 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How they are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference Violet, and the Mirabelle few green varieties plums... Also one of the most versatile types of fruit trees > plum varieties that ripens September... Tender, fine-grained, and the Mirabelle by late summer plums sold in stores and are... The biggest methley plum, cherry plum and apricot produce their best crops... 'Green Gage ' is also self-fruitful but has greenish-yellow plums that are ornamental... ( 7.5 cm ), they are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference yellow plum the waxy.... Whopping 3 ” ( 7.5 cm ) across, nowadays a sovereign country formerly! Without fermenting are called prunes are important deciding best plum variety in choosing the best choice for you gently! Do well branches should … plums are a Japanese variety may be the best for. ’ plum variety refers to the taste, golden yellow flesh that softens.... Has small purple fruits with pits that are also one of the flesh! Are several cultivars in the United States, plum varieties European varieties Japanese varieties of large, plums.